Shared Outcomes

Departments create vertical alignment of outcomes by working across grade bands to identify skills that carry over, and increased expectations for more advanced students. Careful attention to growing expectations across grades helps to ensure that students are being prepared for more advanced work, and allows teachers to support higher level learners who may outpace the traditional grade band content. 

Whether outcomes are department-wide or school-wide, a school’s system of outcomes should be coherent enough to elucidate connections, analogies, and fruitful distinctions between similar but distinct outcomes in different disciplines. 

For example, supporting one’s argument with sufficient reasoning and evidence in science might mean conducting and reporting on a series of experiments; in Social Studies, it might entail analyzing and citing primary and secondary sources; in English, it might entail citing passages from complex texts and then analyzing them; in math, it might mean doing a proof. It is useful for students engaged in these varying activities to understand that they are connected, that they are various facets of supporting an argument with evidence—and also that experts and learners in each discipline undertake to do this in distinct ways.